at 8,862 feet (2,701 m) is one of the highest peaks of the San Gabriel Mountains, and is located in San Bernardino County, California. It is within the Cucamonga Wilderness of the San Bernardino National Forest.
It was named after the 19th century Mexican land grant, Rancho Cucamonga, that was below it.
The mountain towers over the Inland Empire cities of Rancho Cucamonga, Ontario and Fontana.
The summit can be seen west of Cajon Pass on Interstate 15, the route from Southern California to Las Vegas.
The peak can also be seen on a extremely clear days from Mount San Jacinto 46 miles (74 km) to the southeast, and Santa Monica to the far west.
Etiwanda, Rancho Cucamonga, California
In November 1881 George and William Chaffey purchased the land from Joseph Garcia, a retired Portuguese sea captain. The town was named for an Indian tribe living on the shores of Lake Michigan. As the first town planned by the Chaffey brothers, Etiwanda became their test bed. The Etiwanda Water Company, a mutual water company, and pipe system of irrigation designed by George Chaffey became the standard for water system management in southern California. Two other events are a further testament to the Chaffeys’ innovation. The first long-distance telephone call in southern California was completed between San
Bernardino and Etiwanda in 1882 and the Chaffey-Garcia house boasted electric lights on December 4, 1882.
The Pacific Electric Railway, the “Big Red Cars”, reached Etiwanda in 1914, with rails reaching Etiwanda from Upland by December 1913, on a line that connected San Bernardino to the east with the greater Los Angeles basin to the west. The line opened on March 24, 1914. Regular passenger operations ended on November 1,
1941, although specials operated for several years, especially during World War II. On October 1, 1951, the San Bernardino line was completely dieselized and the trolley wire was removed shortly thereafter. As of 2011, the 1914-vintage PE passenger station is being restored to an as-constructed state.